UTTAR PRADESH CITIES
The most beautiful building in the world. In 1631 the emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaz, who died in childbirth. The white marble mausoleum at Agra has become the monument of a man's love for a woman.Taj Mahal is considered to be the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Islamic and Indian architectural styles.
Allahabad is the place of importance in the Hindu religion. It is a city which has the mixed culture of Hindus, Muslims, Jains and Christans.The majestic fort built by Emperor Akbar on the banks of the Yamuna near the confluence is matchless in its design and construction. The antiquity of the place relates to sangam the confluence of the scared waters of the Ganga, the Yamuna and the invisible Saraswati.
On your Tours to Ayodhya, the places that you can visit are Kanak Bhavan temple, Lakshman Ghat, Kala Ram temple besides the several Jain shrines located at this place. Hanuman Garhi, the Fortress of Hanuman, the monkey god, is another place worth a visit. It is a widely held belief that Lord Hanuman lived in a cave located nearby this place.
Mathura District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. The historic town of Mathura is the district headquarters. Mathura has its mention in the Ramayana, one of the oldest epics of the world. Earlier it was thickly forested and was called as Madhuvan then Madhupara and later on came to be known as Mathura
Kanpur, the industrial center of Uttar Pradesh, is well known for leather and textile goods of superior quality, vegetable oil mills, chemical works and sugar refineries. The whole economy of the city depends on the production, tanning, polishing or export of leather products.
Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. It had a population of more than 35 lakhs. Lucknow is also the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division. Walking through the lanes and by-lanes of Chowk and Aminabad one finds Lucknow of yore. The 'tehzib' or mannerism is still prominent and a topic of great appreciation.
Varanasi, the holy city of India, is also known by the name of Kashi and Benaras. Kashi, the city of Moksha for Hindus since centuries, is known for its fine-quality silks, 'paan' and Benares Hindu University and Avimukta of the ancient days, Varanasi is the most popular pilgrimage point for the Hindus. Varanasi is the city of a thousand temples. The main object of all devotees is the Kasi Vishwanath Temple. According to Hindu belief, Benaras or Varanasi as it is known, is the cosmic center of the Universe.
One of the most important centres of Hindu faith and culture, Chitrakoot is known for its scenic beauty and its holiness.Chitrakoot seems to sum up the religious ambience of the northern plains. It lies in the Vindhya escarpement, and is dissected by torrential rivers. Situated amidst nature’s bounty on the banks of the Payaswini River, Chitrakoot forms the tip of the district of Satna in Madhya Pradesh, the heart- state of India.
Deogarh is of great antiquarian, epigraphical and archaeological importance and has figured in the history of the Guptas, the Gujaras the Pratiharas, the Muslim rulers of Delhi, and Kalpi, the Marathas and the British.
The city has actually become synonymous to the Rani of Jhansi, Lakshmi Bai and the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. Jhansi was first known as Shankargarh, when Orchha was the capital of Bundelas. In a bid of strengthening the security of Orchha, its king Raja Bir Singh Ja Deo had constructed a fort on a hill in Shankargarh.
Shravasti or Sravasti is intimately associated with the life of Buddha. The town located near the Rapti River in northeastern Uttar Pradesh is said to be have been founded by the mythological king Sravast. In Buddhist times (6th century BC-6th century AD), Shravasti was capital of the kingdom of Kosala and was important both as a prosperous trading centre and for its religious associations.
Situated at a distance of 280 km from Jhansi, this town and the fort, which have had strategic important since the earliest of times, are located in the ancient land of Jejakbhukti, which is an integral part of Bundelkhand. The fort, a stronghold of the Chandelas from the 9th to the 15th century AD, remained an invincible citadel, prized for its location, right uptil the time of the Mughals.During its eventful existence, the fort was subject to numerous attacks by Mohammed Ghazni, Qutb-Ud-Din Aibak and Humayun who invaded this stronghold of the Chandelas.
Kaushambi, in Uttar Pradesh, was visited by Buddha in the 6th and 9th years after his enlightenment. He delivered several sermons here, elevating it to a center of learning for Buddhists. Today one can see the ruins of an Ashokan Pillar, an old fort and the Ghositaram Monastery.
Kushinagar, one of the principal centers of Buddhist pilgrimage is the place of Mahaparinrvana. The monument of Kushinagar are situated in three distincts comprising in the main site of the Nirvana Temple houses over 6meter long statue of the reclining Buddha The image was unearthed during the excavations in 1876. An inscription below dates the statue to the 5th century BC Mathakaur shrine is black ston image of Lord Buddha in the Bhumi Sparsha Mudra (a posture showing him touching the earth ) was recovered here. Ramabhar Stupa rises to a height of 49ft and marks the site where the Lord Buddha was cremated.
Mahoba is the ancient capital of the mighty Chandelas. The Chandelas were great warriors and builders and have left behind an extraordinary legacy. The impregnable hilltop fort and the lakes they created are considered engineering feats and their water management systems can still be seen. The lakes includes Rahila Sagar built by Rahila(885-905 AD.), the Kirat Sagar built by Kirtivarman (1060 - 1100 AD) and the Madan Sagar built by Madan Verma (1128 - 1165 AD). Near Madan Sagar lies the famous granite Shiva temple known as Kakramath, built in the Khajuraho style of temple architecture, On the island in the lake stand Majhari, the ruins of another Vinshu temple.
Sarnath the tranquil deep park at Sarnath is where the Buddha preached hid first sermon. Sarnath became one of the great center of Buddhism and the Emperor Ashoka erected magnificent stupas and structure here. The Chinese scholar Huien Tsang who to write of the splendor of the city.